Anxiety – An Unwelcome Comrade

Having sleepless nights for days together? Feeling insecure about your well-paying job? Feeling let down by loved ones surrounding you? But, is it a reality or just your imagination? If it is your imagination, you are a part of the 400 million people suffering from anxiety disorder worldwide.

Anxiety: Types, Symptoms

Anxiety refers to the human emotion of feeling distressed about issues like job, relations, people, place, etc. It is a natural human tendency to have a minimum amount of anxiety. For example, anxiety helps us to boost our performance by making us competitive. On the other hand, anxiety beyond a certain limit could result in trauma and emotional stress.

Anxiety is basically classified into three types – generalised chronic anxiety, social phobia and panic disorder.

In generalised chronic anxiety, the person faces concentration difficulties in addition to fear. People with this tendency have a negative tendency to expect catastrophes with respect to job, family, friendship, etc.

On the other hand in social phobia, a person fears social situation and associated interactions. For example, the person is afraid to meet and interact with new people.

Finally, panic disorders are associated with intense shivering, fear, dizziness, nausea, etc. It could be triggered by issues like job loss, divorce, etc.

Approaches to tackle anxiety

A person showing symptoms of intense anxiety needs complete handholding throughout the recovery process. Some well-accepted ways to tackle anxiety are:

 

  1. Focussed meditation techniques like yoga: Yoga is known to bring in both physical and mental comfort. Asanas like Shavasana (corpse pose) and Vajrasana (thunderbolt pose) are significant in tackling anxiety.
  2. Physical Exercises: Physical exercises elevate our mood, concentration and alertness. Hence, exercises like jogging, cycling, swimming, etc., play a vital role in reducing stress and bringing in mental calmness.
  3. Journal writing: Keeping a journal helps you to record your thought process on a regular basis. The thought process analysis helps you to filter out the negative thoughts. This eventually reduces anxious thoughts, resulting in mental relief.

Way Ahead

In conclusion, the feeling of anxiety cannot be completely eliminated, but can definitely be controlled. Family and community forms the first crucial responders. A more empathetic approach by involving all the stakeholders like family, government and community is the dire need of the hour.

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